A New Nation and a New Literature The approach of the American Revolution and the achievement of the actual independence of the United States was a time of intellectual activity as well as social and economic change. Ever since the Civil War, voices of protest and doubt have been heard in American fiction.
Some of these early works reached the level of literature, as in the robust and perhaps truthful account of his adventures by Captain John Smith and the sober, tendentious journalistic histories of John Winthrop and William Bradford in New England.
Realismhowever, came to the theater with some of the plays of Bronson HowardJames A. Aycock, ed. The question driving my teaching right now is: what conduces to the feeling of aliveness?
This work outlined the ideal society that he and the other Separatists would build in an attempt to realize a "Puritan utopia". In the other colonies writing was usually more mundane and on the whole less notable, though the journal of the Quaker John Woolman is highly esteemed, and some critics maintain that the best writing of the colonial period is found in the witty and urbane observations of William Byrda gentleman planter of Westover, Virginia.
Annie Proulxand T. Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield represented the Great Awakeninga religious revival in the early 18th century that emphasized Calvinism. American literature, literature in English produced in what is now the United States of America.
Sianne Ngai My first book, Ugly FeelingsHarvard University Press investigates the aesthetics and politics of non-prestigious, non-cathartic negative emotions—envy and irritation as opposed to anger and fear.
While authors such as Saul BellowBernard MalamudHortense Calisherand Philip Roth presented the varied responses of urban intellectuals, usually Jews, and John Updike and John Cheever treated the largely Protestant middle class, William BurroughsJoyce Carol Oatesand Raymond Carver unsparingly depicted the conflict and violence inherent in American life at all levels of society.
Now that the reaction against New Criticism has crested, I am exploring how to supplement readerly pleasures with the intricate, amplifying elements to be engaged through contextual study, and through psychoanalytic and gender theories.
American Verse Since the midth cent.