Marshall, PP ositive diplomacy, Macmillan, London. The CCDS offers several kinds of professional development programs for the students in order to enable them relevant practical experience and professional relationships in the field they desire to work in after their studies.
In the modern diplomatic world, no one is a stranger to anyone else as a result of modern communications technology, which facilitates the spread of knowledge. Holmes, M.
Thus, the study of IR is not the study of diplomacy, unless the curriculum specifically incorporates diplomacy studies. This professional experience that is provided for the students is the main scope of the professional development program and is designed specifically in order to provide students with the best tools in order to develop their careers and to acquire jobs in these institutions and organizations.
It also encompasses non-state actors because non-state actors also engage in transnational diplomacy. In relation to foreign policy formulation and implementation, a politician represents the legislature, whereas a diplomat represents the executive branch.