Directional terms

These words are used more often for animal anatomy and rarely and only with very specific meaning in human anatomy.

Directional terms

Between the parietal and visceral layers is a very thin, fluid-filled serous space, or cavity Figure 6. Many structures vary slightly between people, for example muscles that attach in slightly different places. Abdominal and pelvic cavity The lower part of the ventral abdominopelvic cavity can be further divided into two portions: abdominal portion and pelvic portion.

directional terms examples

These are mostly used with animal anatomy, but can be used in human anatomy as long as they are describing the side of an appendage. For example, plantarflexion occurs when pressing the brake pedal of a car.

anatomical terms pdf

Abdominal Quadrants Quadrants are divide our bodies into regions for diagnostic and descriptive purposes. The abdomen is the part of the trunk between the chest and pelvis.

Anatomical terms of location

Together, these fibrous layers, along with tendons and ligaments, constitute the deep fascia of the body. Directional terms provide comparison of anatomical position by comparing the locations of different structures in the body. Includes sections of the large and small intestines, inferior vena cava and abdominal aorta right 7 and left 9 iliac inguinal regions — are on either side of the hypogastric region and include portions of the large and small intestines. The prefix ad- means near, next to, or toward. Axial Plane Transverse Plane - A horizontal plane; divides the body or any of its parts into upper and lower parts. Anatomical Terms: Examples Some anatomical structures contain anatomical terms in their names that help identify their position in relation to other body structures or divisions within the same structure. The elbow is superior above to the hand. If it divides the body into unequal right and left sides, it is called a parasagittal plane, or less commonly a longitudinal section. Caudal — at or near the tail or posterior end of the body. The abdominal cavity can also change shape based on volume—that is how much you eat and drink. For example, the presence or absence of the palmaris longus tendon. Inferior The liver is inferior to the diaphragm. These terms are essential for describing the relative locations of different body structures. The frontal plane is the plane that divides the body or an organ into an anterior front portion and a posterior rear portion. The pelvis is inferior to the abdomen.
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SEER Training: Anatomical Terminology