Mdg 5 development goals

Mdg 4

The Safe Motherhood Initiative included a goal to reduce maternal morbidity and mortality by half, by [ 3 ]. A retrospective cohort study in one of the major teaching hospitals in Ghana revealed that the top five causes were hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, haemorrhage, genital tract sepsis including septic abortion-related complications , early pregnancy deaths including ectopic pregnancy, abortion-related complications and molar pregnancy , and infection, with the first four accounting for about two-thirds of all deaths [ 10 ]. Finally, during national health policy development processes, especially when adopting broader global strategies, such as the post sustainable development agenda [ 79 ], health service users from different socio-cultural backgrounds may be better served if their inputs are sought and included through local consultative processes. Coordinating research, with wide-scale application, that focuses on improving maternal health in pregnancy and during and after childbirth. Midwives provide the majority of skilled maternity care services in Ghana and any discussion of maternal health workforce must consider recruitment, retention and equitable distribution of midwives. The UN Secretary-General's Global Strategy for Women's and Children's Health aims to prevent 33 million unwanted pregnancies between and and to save the lives of women who are at risk of dying of complications during pregnancy and childbirth, including unsafe abortion. Progress has been slow since , with an average of 52 percent of pregnant women in developing regions receiving the recommended number of antenatal care visits in , a 17 percent increase in 25 years. Without a discontinuation or decline in utilisation of their services by community members, marginalising TBAs and other practitioners means that the country misses an opportunity to reach some of its most vulnerable population. It appears to be an attempt to lower the financial cost of training and retain the personnel since they are deemed less likely to seek career advancement [ 54 ]; and unlikely to emigrate [ 55 ].

Maternal deaths in Ghana are therefore highest in rural areas where access to emergency obstetric care is also limited by scarce resources, long distances to health facilities, poor transportation and road networks [ 69 ].

Ghana has so far adopted various strategies in response to specific maternal health challenges. Midwifery workforce crisis Midwifery personnel are a critical group of maternal healthcare providers. In Ghana, lower level health facilities, such as district hospitals and CHPS compounds, require a supportive network of maternity referral systems to function effectively and efficiently [ 40 ].

Finally, during national health policy development processes, especially when adopting broader global strategies, such as the post sustainable development agenda [ 79 ], health service users from different socio-cultural backgrounds may be better served if their inputs are sought and included through local consultative processes.

millennium development goals

In the absence of ambulances, common modes of transportation used include taxis, motorbikes, bicycles and donkey carts [ 28 ], which may put ill pregnant women at serious risk. Building effective partnerships in order to make best use of scarce resources and minimize duplication in efforts to improve maternal and newborn health.

Development of emergency medical services in Ghana is still at an early stage.

Mdg 5 development goals

According to the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs , the 50 least developed countries received about one third of all aid that flows from developed countries. On behalf of Annan, from to he chaired the UN Millennium Project , which was tasked with developing a concrete action plan to achieve the MDGs. Source: un. Libraries and the Millennium Development Goals[ edit ] Librarians and others in the information professions are in a unique position to help achieve the Millennium Development Goals. Therefore, improvement in utilisation of skilled care requires an understanding of the culture and values of service users. Midwifery workforce crisis Midwifery personnel are a critical group of maternal healthcare providers. It appears to be an attempt to lower the financial cost of training and retain the personnel since they are deemed less likely to seek career advancement [ 54 ]; and unlikely to emigrate [ 55 ]. Additionally, Ghana is one of 11 countries with the greatest urban child survival gaps, that is, poor urban children are 3 to 5 times as likely to die as their rich counterparts [ 9 ]. The UN Secretary-General's Global Strategy for Women's and Children's Health aims to prevent 33 million unwanted pregnancies between and and to save the lives of women who are at risk of dying of complications during pregnancy and childbirth, including unsafe abortion. Recipients would theoretically re-channel debt payments to health and education. Currently, national ambulance services are free [ 71 ] and although services have expanded to cover all regions in the country, they remain confined to the regional capitals and a few districts [ 70 , 71 ]. The Safe Motherhood Initiative included a goal to reduce maternal morbidity and mortality by half, by [ 3 ]. Ultimately, a more cost-effective and sustainable approach is to invest in standardised midwifery training which equips personnel with the minimum competencies required to provide emergency obstetric care [ 43 ].
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Millennium Development Goals